Hudson’s recorded history began in the early 1600s, when a group of second-generation settlers, an offshoot of the Sudbury settlement, were granted land parcels. This small group of scattered residents lived peacefully with the native people until the mid 1600's, when King Philip, a Narragansett warrior tired of the newcomers’ intrusive rules, instigated a war against the European settlers. Fourteen settlements, including what is now Hudson, were burned to the ground. During the war, many tribe members, under suspicion of being sympathetic to King Philip’s cause, were moved to Martha’s Vineyard, where they lived out the war years. The original native families never returned to Hudson; the surviving family members were resettled in Natick after the war. As of 1675, the area was in the hands of the settlers, but the influence of the native tribes remains in the inherited rich language of place names.
The early homes of record in Hudson were associated with farming. The Goodale House is such a house and is the oldest known home in Hudson. This home was a part of the Underground Railroad in the 1800's, sheltering freedom-seekers behind a fireplace wall. There was a strong abolitionist movement in Hudson, with several local homes serving as stations in the Railway.
Many of the Town’s early buildings were burned in a 1894 fire that destroyed much of the downtown. Following the fire, citizens rallied and the entire town center was rebuilt. This area, lying along two heavily traveled thoroughfares containing routes 85 and 62, is now protected by the Silas Felton District Commission. The architectural significance of the Silas Felton District stems largely from the cohesiveness of the whole—it contains many fine examples of Colonial, Federal, Romanesque Revival and Victorian architecture along with newer harmonious structures built around the same time. The consistent style gives the center of town its distinctive character and makes it particularly interesting from an architectural standpoint. The dominant style of architecture in this area is Victorian (brick and stone) and includes homes of former leading citizens of the community, as well as churches and meeting halls
Today, Hudson is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 18,113 at the 2000 census, and estimated to have reached about 19,580 in 2007. The town is located in central Massachusetts, about a 40 minute drive, or about 40 miles , west of Boston and about a 20 minutes' drive, or about 16.5 miles, northeast of Worcester.
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